The kilogram is a unit of mass, which was originally defined as the maximum density of distilled water encased in a cube of ten centimeters. In 1889, it was replaced with the mass of the Prototype Kilogram made of 90% platinum and 10% iridium. The Japanese mass standard was established by replicating the Prototype Kilogram. It was made in the same material as the Prototype Kilogram and has the same shape.
Japan’s war with the Allied/Western powers
The Japanese planned a limited war that would achieve three main goals: seizing key objectives, establishing a defensive perimeter, and defeating Allied counterattacks. By November, their military plans were nearly completed. The Japanese expected the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to respond well and to initiate hostilities. However, they were wrong. The United States was unable to keep Japan’s economy afloat, and the war was lost.
The term ‘Greater East Asia War’ was chosen by the Japanese cabinet on 10 December 1941. The term incorporated both Japan’s war with the Allied/Western powers and the ongoing war in China. The name was explained to the public on 12 December. The Japanese government included the Japan-China Incident into the larger war, which was intended to provide a common cause to Asian nations.
The expansion of Japanese empire was relatively quick and was started late. It was limited to its immediate neighbors, and did not include colonies abroad, like its European counterpart. This is because Japan was poor and resource-constrained, and expansionist policy was motivated by the perception that it could not compete with the Western powers. After initial wars in Korea and China, Japan expanded its strategic and business interests in those areas and extended its security perimeter to include Taiwan and the entire China coast. In addition, it annexated the Philippines, which were considered the Dutch East Indies.
Japan’s expansion on the periphery grew out of a series of ideas that were developed during the nineteenth century. One such idea was pan-asianism, which argued that all people living in Asia should band together to counter Western influence. This ideology also justified the Japanese invasion and occupation of northern China during the 1930s. In a political cartoon from the time, Queen Victoria, Kaiser Wilhelm II, and Tsar Nicholas II are carved into a pie. A Chinese court official is watching a samurai slice through the pie.
During World War II, Japanese soldiers engaged in cannibalism, which became a notorious war crime. Though Japan attempted to cover up the practice for decades, some soldiers did face consequences for their actions. Lt. Gen. Yoshio Tachibana, one of the leading Japanese commanders, was hanged for his role in the atrocities. Modern historians are trying to change the perception of the Japanese government, which once shied away from the practice.
The Chichijima incident is thought to have been premeditated and planned. This might have been the result of an elaborate meal planned by the soldiers. In addition to the incident, the events surrounding the Chichijima episode point to a shared belief structure or even a cult within the army. Evidence of cannibalism in the army is usually found in the midst of wartime, and this is the case in this movie. The two main advocates of this scheme were Matoba and Mori, who actively chastised men for not eating liver.
Japanese prison experiments on undernourishment
The Japanese military conducted gruesome prison experiments on undernourishment. These experiments were conducted on civilians, including babies, children, and pregnant women, and included a variety of nationalities. The bodies of the victims were dissected or cremated, according to the Japanese military’s protocol. After the experiments, the bodies of the victims were destroyed or dismembered. In late 1937, the experiments at Beiyinhe were discontinued in order to make room for a new facility.
Throughout the war, Japanese prisoners were subjected to undernourishment experiments. These experiments aimed to determine individual limits and whether prisoners were capable of resisting extreme measures. At the same time, Japanese officials used various methods to silence domestic dissent, including imprisonment and torture. During World War II, the Japanese government imprisoned more than 100 Japanese Christians for refusing to comply with their superiors’ orders.
Japanese suicides during the war
The Kempeitai report focused on the emotional immaturity of the soldiers who committed suicide. According to the authors, many of these suicides may have been the result of a pre-existing psychological disorder. Other suicides were likely caused by war-related trauma and personal vulnerability. The resulting study reveals that the majority of Japanese suicides were caused by a combination of factors. However, a broader interpretation of the phenomenon is needed.
Despite the widespread use of the practice, suicide was still widely regarded in the Japanese society as an acceptable form of self-immolation. In fact, suicide was often viewed as an honorable way to escape disgrace, and many Japanese citizens defended the practice in public. During World War II, suicide became an accepted method of self-destruction, and was even encouraged by the Japanese military. Those who chose suicide argued that it prevented their families from suffering the consequences of a war-time suicide.